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White chalk stones from Cote des Blancs near Epernay, region Champagne, France, glass of b
What does 'terroir' mean?

It might seem a little complicated, but in the case of Champagne, 'terroir' means a combination of the northern location, the specific climate, the properties of the (sub)soil and the hillside area. Human interference, especially the decisions and the practice of the winegrower are also included in the concept

Terroir is  about more than just the soil ('terre' in French), although the typical character of champagne is partly due to the (sub)soil.

The grapes are often on calcareous soil; 75% of the vineyard area consists of chalk, marl and limestone soil.

This soil not only ensures good water management for the vines, but also for the typical mineral (chalky) taste that can be found in many champagnes.

The amount of calcareous (sub)soil and its depth have a great influence on the aromas and taste of champagne.

The special terroir makes champagne the most
classic, refined sparkling wine in the world!

Source: Comité Champagne

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